Alphabetical list of titles of Cochrane Reviews

appearing in The Cochrane Library, 2003 Issue 3

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Abdominal decompression for suspected fetal compromise/pre-eclampsia
Abdominal decompression in normal pregnancy
Absorbable staples for uterine incision at caesarean section
Absorbable synthetic versus catgut suture material for perineal repair
Absorbent products for containing urinary and/or faecal incontinence in adults
Acellular vaccines for preventing whooping cough in children
Acetaminophen for osteoarthritis
Acetyl-l-carnitine for dementia
Aciclovir for Bell's palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis)
Active chest compression-decompression for cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Active placebos versus antidepressants for depression (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Active versus expectant management in the third stage of labour
Acupuncture and electroacupuncture for the treatment of RA
Acupuncture for chronic asthma
Acupuncture for idiopathic headache
Acupuncture for induction of labour
Acupuncture for lateral elbow pain
Acupuncture for low back pain
Acupuncture for smoking cessation
Acyclovir for treating varicella in otherwise healthy children and adolescents
Addition of anti-leukotriene agents to inhaled corticosteroids for chronic asthma
Addition of intravenous aminophylline to beta2-agonists in adults with acute asthma
Adenotonsillectomy for obstructive sleep apnoea in children
Adhesives for fixed orthodontic brackets
Adjuvant chemotherapy for localised resectable soft tissue sarcoma in adults
Adrenergic drugs for urinary incontinence in adults
Advanced trauma life support training for ambulance crews
Advice on low-fat diets for obesity
Advice to stay active as a single treatment for low back pain and sciatica
Aerobic exercise for women during pregnancy
Aerobic exercise interventions for adults living with HIV/AIDS
Aerosolized diuretics for preterm infants with (or developing) chronic lung disease
Alarm interventions for nocturnal enuresis in children
Aldose reductase inhibitors for the prevention and treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Alexander technique for chronic asthma
Allergen immunotherapy for asthma
Allopurinol for chronic prostatitis
Alpha-1 proteinase inhibitor (a1PI) for preventing chronic lung disease in preterm infants
Alpha-fetoprotein and/or liver ultrasonography for liver cancer screening in patients with chronic hepatitis B
Alpha2 adrenergic agonists for the management of opioid withdrawal
Amantadine and rimantadine for preventing and treating influenza A in adults
Amantadine for dyskinesia in Parkinson's disease
Amantadine for fatigue in multiple sclerosis
Amantadine in Parkinson's disease
Ambulatory oxygen for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Ambulatory versus conventional methods for monitoring blood pressure during pregnancy
Aminopyridines for symptomatic treatment in multiple sclerosis
Aminosteroids for acute traumatic brain injury
Amisulpride for schizophrenia
Amitriptyline versus other types of pharmacotherapy for depression
Amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling for prenatal diagnosis
Amnioinfusion for meconium-stained liquor in labour
Amnioinfusion for preterm rupture of membranes
Amnioinfusion for umbilical cord compression in labour
Amniotomy alone for induction of labour
Amniotomy for shortening spontaneous labour
Amniotomy plus intravenous oxytocin for induction of labour
Amodiaquine for treating malaria
Amphetamines for improving recovery after stroke
Amphotericin B lipid soluble formulations versus amphotericin B in cancer patients with neutropenia
Amphotericin B versus fluconazole for controlling fungal infections in neutropenic cancer patients
Anabolic-androgenic steroids for alcoholic liver disease
Anaesthesia for hip fracture surgery in adults
Anaesthesia for treating distal radial fracture in adults
Analgesia and non-aspirin, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for osteoarthritis of the hip
Androgens versus placebo or no treatment for idiopathic oligo/asthenospermia (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Angioplasty (versus non surgical management) for intermittent claudication
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors in normotensive diabetic patients with microalbuminuria
Antenatal day care units versus hospital admission for women with complicated pregnancy
Antenatal education for self-diagnosis of the onset of active labour at term
Anterior vaginal repair for urinary incontinence in women
Anthelmintic drugs for treating worms in children: effects on growth and cognitive performance
Anti-D administration after childbirth for preventing Rhesus alloimmunisation
Anti-D administration in pregnancy for preventing Rhesus alloimmunisation
Anti-epileptic drugs for preventing seizures following acute traumatic brain injury
Anti-fibrinolytic use for minimising perioperative allogeneic blood transfusion
Anti-IgE for chronic asthma
Anti-inflammatory treatment for carditis in acute rheumatic fever
Anti-leukotriene agents compared to inhaled corticosteroids in the management of recurrent and/or chronic asthma in adults and children
Anti-spasticity agents for multiple sclerosis
Anti-tuberculous therapy for maintenance of remission in Crohn's disease
Antibiotic duration for treating uncomplicated, symptomatic lower urinary tract infections in elderly women
Antibiotic prophylaxis for cesarean section
Antibiotic prophylaxis for cirrhotic patients with gastrointestinal bleeding
Antibiotic prophylaxis for hernia repair.
Antibiotic prophylaxis for intrauterine contraceptive device insertion
Antibiotic prophylaxis for mammalian bites
Antibiotic prophylaxis for surgery for proximal femoral and other closed long bone fractures
Antibiotic prophylaxis regimens and drugs for cesarean section
Antibiotic regimens for endometritis after delivery
Antibiotic regimens for management of intraamniotic infection
Antibiotic treatment for travellers' diarrhoea
Antibiotics for acute asthma
Antibiotics for acute bronchitis
Antibiotics for acute maxillary sinusitis
Antibiotics for acute otitis media in children
Antibiotics for acute pyelonephritis in children
Antibiotics for asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy
Antibiotics for gonorrhoea in pregnancy
Antibiotics for incomplete abortion
Antibiotics for leptospirosis
Antibiotics for persistent nasal discharge (rhinosinusitis) in children
Antibiotics for prelabour rupture of membranes at or near term
Antibiotics for preterm rupture of membranes
Antibiotics for preventing leptospirosis
Antibiotics for preventing pneumonia in children with measles
Antibiotics for preventing respiratory tract infections in adults receiving intensive care
Antibiotics for sore throat
Antibiotics for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhotics
Antibiotics for syphilis diagnosed during pregnancy
Antibiotics for the common cold and acute purulent rhinitis
Antibiotics for trachoma
Antibiotics for treating bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy
Antibiotics for treating salmonella gut infections
Antibiotics for treating scrub typhus
Antibiotics to prevent complications following dental implant treatment
Antibiotics versus control for toxoplasma retinochoroiditis
Antibiotics versus placebo for acute bacterial conjunctivitis
Antibiotics versus placebo for prevention of postoperative infection after appendicectomy.
Anticholinergic bronchodilators versus beta2-sympathomimetic agents for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Anticholinergic drugs for wheeze in children under the age of two years
Anticholinergic drugs versus placebo for overactive bladder syndrome in adults
Anticholinergic medication for neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia
Anticholinergic therapy for bronchiectasis
Anticholinergic therapy for chronic asthma in children over two years of age
Anticholinergics for neuroleptic-induced acute akathisia
Anticholinergics for symptomatic management of Parkinson´s disease
Anticoagulants for acute ischaemic stroke
Anticoagulants for preventing recurrence following presumed non-cardioembolic ischaemic stroke or transient ischaemic attack
Anticoagulants for preventing stroke in patients with nonrheumatic atrial fibrillation and a history of stroke or transient ischemic attacks
Anticoagulants (heparin, low molecular weight heparin and oral anticoagulants) for intermittent claudication
Anticoagulants or antiplatelet therapy for non-rheumatic atrial fibrillation and flutter
Anticoagulants versus antiplatelet agents for acute ischaemic stroke
Anticoagulants versus antiplatelet therapy for preventing stroke in patients with nonrheumatic atrial fibrillation and a history of stroke or transient ischemic attacks
Anticoagulation for cerebral sinus thrombosis
Anticoagulation for heart failure in sinus rhythm
Anticonvulsant drugs for acute and chronic pain
Anticonvulsants for preventing mortality and morbidity in full term newborns with perinatal asphyxia
Antidepressant and benzodiazepine for major depression
Antidepressant treatment for post-natal depression
Antidepressants for cocaine dependence
Antidepressants for depression in medical illness
Antidepressants for generalized anxiety disorder
Antidepressants for people with both schizophrenia and depression
Antidepressants for smoking cessation
Antidepressants for treating depression in dementia
Antidepressants versus placebo for people with bulimia nervosa
Antidepressants versus placebo for the depressed elderly
Antidepressants versus psychological treatments and their combination for bulimia nervosa
Antifibrinolytic therapy for aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage
Antifibrinolytics for heavy menstrual bleeding
Antifungal therapies for allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis in people with cystic fibrosis
Antihistamines for the common cold
Antihistamines versus aspirin for itching in late pregnancy
Antihypertensive drug therapy for mild to moderate hypertension during pregnancy
Antihypertensive therapy for preventing cardiovascular complications in people with diabetes mellitus (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Antimalarials for treating rheumatoid arthritis
Antioxidant vitamin and mineral supplementation for preventing age-related macular degeneration
Antioxidant vitamin and mineral supplements for age-related macular degeneration
Antiplatelet agents for preventing and treating pre-eclampsia
Antiplatelet agents for preventing thrombosis after peripheral arterial bypass surgery
Antiplatelet agents versus control or anticoagulation for heart failure in sinus rhythm
Antiplatelet therapy for acute ischaemic stroke
Antiplatelet therapy for preventing stroke and other vascular events after carotid endarterectomy
Antiplatelet therapy for preventing stroke in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation and no previous history of stroke or transient ischemic attacks
Antiplatelet therapy for preventing stroke in patients with nonrheumatic atrial fibrillation and a history of stroke or transient ischemic attacks
Antipsychotic drug treatment for elderly people with late-onset schizophrenia
Antipsychotic medication for challenging behaviour in people with learning disability
Antipsychotic medication for those with both schizophrenia and learning disability
Antipyretic measures for treating fever in malaria
Antiretrovirals for reducing the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection
Antistreptococcal interventions for guttate and chronic plaque psoriasis
Antithrombotic drugs for carotid artery dissection
Antivirals for the Common Cold
Anxiolytics for smoking cessation
Area-wide traffic calming for preventing traffic related injuries
Aroma therapy for dementia
Art therapy for schizophrenia or schizophrenia-like illnesses
Artemether-lumefantrine for treating uncomplicated falciparum malaria
Artemisinin derivatives for treating severe malaria
Artemisinin derivatives for treating uncomplicated malaria
Arthroplasties (with and without bone cement) for proximal femoral fractures in adults
Artichoke leaf extract for treating hypercholesterolaemia
'As required' medication regimens for seriously mentally ill people in hospital
Aspirin for vascular dementia
Assertive community treatment for people with severe mental disorders
Audit and feedback: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes
Audit and feedback versus alternative strategies: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Auranofin versus placebo in rheumatoid arthritis
Autologous cartilage implantation for full thickness articular cartilage defects of the knee
Aversive smoking for smoking cessation
Azathioprine for maintenance of remission in Crohn's disease
Azathioprine for treating rheumatoid arthritis
Azathioprine or 6-mercaptopurine for induction of remission in Crohn's disease
Azoles for allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis associated with asthma

Back schools for non-specific low back pain
Balanced protein/energy supplementation in pregnancy
Balloon angioplasty versus medical therapy for hypertensive patients with renal artery obstruction
Balneotherapy for rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis
Barbiturates for acute traumatic brain injury
Barrier agents for preventing adhesions after surgery for subfertility
Beclomethasone for asthma in children: effects on linear growth
Bed rest for acute low back pain and sciatica
Bed rest in hospital for suspected impaired fetal growth
Beds, mattresses and cushions for pressure sore prevention and treatment
Behavioural and cognitive interventions with or without other treatments for defaecation disorders in children
Behavioural treatment for chronic low back pain
Benperidol for schizophrenia
Benzodiazepine receptor antagonists for acute and chronic hepatic encephalopathy
Benzodiazepines and related drugs for insomnia in palliative care
Benzodiazepines for neuroleptic-induced acute akathisia
Benzodiazepines for neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia
Beta-blocker supplementation of standard drug treatment for schizophrenia
Beta-blocker therapy for tremor in Parkinson's disease
Beta-lactam versus beta-lactam-aminoglycoside combination therapy in cancer patients with neutropaenia
Beta-sitosterols for benign prostatic hyperplasia
Beta2-agonists for acute bronchitis
Betahistine for Menière's disease or syndrome
Betamimetics for suspected impaired fetal growth
Bile acids for primary sclerosing cholangitis
Bile acids for viral hepatitis
Biochemical tests of placental function for assessment in pregnancy
Biofeedback and/or sphincter exercises for the treatment of faecal incontinence in adults
Biophysical profile for fetal assessment in high risk pregnancies
Biopsy versus resection for malignant glioma
Biopsychosocial rehabilitation for upper limb repetitive strain injuries in working age adults
Biphasic versus monophasic oral contraceptives for contraception
Biphasic versus triphasic oral contraceptives for contraception
Bisphosphonates for breast cancer
Bisphosphonates for osteoporosis in people with cystic fibrosis
Bisphosphonates for steroid induced osteoporosis
Bisphosphonates for the relief of pain secondary to bone metastases
Bisphosphonates in multiple myeloma
Bladder neck needle suspension for urinary incontinence in women
Bladder training for urinary incontinence in adults
Blood transfusion for preventing stroke in people with sickle cell disease
Blood transfusion for treating malarial anaemia
Botulinum toxin type A in the treatment of lower limb spasticity in cerebral palsy
Branched-chain amino acids for hepatic encephalopathy
Breast stimulation for cervical ripening and induction of labour
Breathing exercises for asthma
Bright light therapy for sleep problems in adults aged 60+
Bromocriptine for idiopathic oligo/asthenospermia (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Bromocriptine for levodopa-induced motor complications in Parkinson's disease
Bromocriptine for unexplained subfertility in women
Bromocriptine versus levodopa in early Parkinson's disease
Bromocriptine/levodopa combined versus levodopa alone for early Parkinson's disease
Bronchodilators for bronchiolitis
Bronchodilators for the prevention and treatment of chronic lung disease in preterm infants
Bronchopulmonary hygiene physical therapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and bronchiectasis
Budesonide for chronic asthma in children and adults
Budesonide for maintenance of remission in Crohn's disease
Buflomedil for intermittent claudication
Buprenorphine for the management of opioid withdrawal
Buprenorphine maintenance versus placebo or methadone maintenance for opioid dependence
Bypass surgery for chronic lower limb ischaemia

Cabergoline for levodopa-induced complications in Parkinson's disease
Cabergoline versus bromocriptine for levodopa-induced complications in Parkinson's disease
Caesarean delivery for the second twin
Caffeine for asthma
Caffeine versus theophylline for apnea in preterm infants
Calcitonin for metastatic bone pain
Calcitonin for preventing and treating corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis
Calcium and phosphorus supplementation of human milk for preterm infants
Calcium and vitamin D for corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis
Calcium antagonists as an add-on therapy for drug-resistant epilepsy
Calcium antagonists for acute ischemic stroke
Calcium antagonists for aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage
Calcium channel blockers for acute traumatic brain injury
Calcium channel blockers for inhibiting preterm labour
Calcium channel blockers for neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia
Calcium channel blockers for potential impaired fetal growth
Calcium supplementation during pregnancy for preventing hypertensive disorders and related problems
Capitation, salary, fee-for-service and mixed systems of payment: effects on the behaviour of primary care physicians
Carbamazepine for cocaine dependence
Carbamazepine for schizophrenia and schizoaffective psychoses
Carbamazepine versus phenobarbitone monotherapy for epilepsy
Carbamazepine versus phenytoin monotherapy for epilepsy
Carbamazepine versus valproate monotherapy for epilepsy
Carbohydrate supplementation of human milk to promote growth in preterm infants
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors for hypercapnic ventilatory failure in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Cardioselective beta-blockers for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Cardioselective beta-blockers for reversible airway disease
Cardiotocography for antepartum fetal assessment
Care home versus hospital and own home environments for rehabilitation of older people
Caregiver support for postpartum depression
Caregiver support for women during childbirth (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Carnitine supplementation of parenterally fed neonates
Carotid endarterectomy for asymptomatic carotid stenosis
Carotid endarterectomy for symptomatic carotid stenosis
Case management for people with severe mental disorders
Castor oil, bath and/or enema for cervical priming and induction of labour
Caudal epidural block versus other methods of postoperative pain relief for circumcision in boys
Celecoxib for rheumatoid arthritis
Cellulose, modified cellulose and synthetic membranes in the haemodialysis of patients with end-stage renal disease.
Cephalic version by postural management for breech presentation
Ceramic inlays for restoring posterior teeth
Cernilton for benign prostatic hyperplasia
Cervical cap versus diaphragm for contraception
Cervical stitch (cerclage) for preventing pregnancy loss in women
Chelation therapy for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
Chemotherapy alone versus endocrine therapy alone for metastatic breast cancer
Chemotherapy for advanced ovarian cancer
Chemotherapy for high-grade glioma
Chemotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer
Chest physiotherapy compared to no chest physiotherapy for cystic fibrosis
Chest physiotherapy for preventing morbidity in babies being extubated from mechanical ventilation
Chest radiograph in acute respiratory infections in children
Chinese medicinal herbs for asymptomatic carriers of hepatitis B virus infection
Chinese medicinal herbs for chronic hepatitis B
Chloroquine or amodiaquine combined with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine for treating uncomplicated malaria
Chlorpromazine versus placebo for schizophrenia
Cholinergic medication for neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia
Cholinesterase inhibitors for dementia with Lewy bodies
Chorion villus sampling versus amniocentesis for prenatal diagnosis (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Circulatory volume expansion for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage
Cisapride treatment for gastro-oesophageal reflux in children
Cleavage stage versus blastocyst stage embryo transfer in assisted conception
Clomiphene citrate for ovulation induction in women with oligo-amenorrhoea
Clomiphene citrate for unexplained subfertility in women
Clomiphene or tamoxifen for idiopathic oligo/asthenospermia (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Clonidine for smoking cessation
Closed reduction methods for treating distal radial fractures in adults
Closed suction surgical wound drainage after orthopaedic surgery
Clotiapine for acute psychotic illnesses
Clozapine versus typical neuroleptic medication for schizophrenia
Co-ordinated multidisciplinary approaches for inpatient rehabilitation of older patients with proximal femoral fractures
"Coasting" (withholding gonadotrophins) for preventing ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
Cognitive behaviour therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome in adults
Cognitive behaviour therapy for schizophrenia
Cognitive behavioural interventions for sleep problems in adults aged 60+
Cognitive rehabilitation for attention deficits following stroke
Cognitive rehabilitation for memory deficits following stroke
Cognitive rehabilitation for people with schizophrenia and related conditions
Cognitive rehabilitation for spatial neglect following stroke
Colchicine for alcoholic and non-alcoholic liver fibrosis and cirrhosis
Collection devices for obtaining cervical cytology samples
Colloid solutions for fluid resuscitation
Colloids versus crystalloids for fluid resuscitation in critically ill patients
Colony stimulating factors for chemotherapy induced febrile neutropenia
Combination contraceptives: effects on weight
Combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy (without surgery) compared with radiotherapy alone in localized carcinoma of the esophagus
Combined hormonal versus nonhormonal versus progestin-only contraception in lactation
Combined inhaled anticholinergics and beta2-agonists for initial treatment of acute asthma in children
Combined oral contraceptive pill (OCP) as treatment for primary dysmenorrhoea
Combined vitamin B6-magnesium treatment in autism spectrum disorder
Commercial hospital discharge packs for breastfeeding women
Communication skills training for health care professionals working with cancer patients, their families and/or carers
Community animal health services for improving household wealth and health status of low income farmers
Community interventions for preventing smoking in young people
Community interventions for reducing smoking among adults
Community mental health teams (CMHTs) for people with severe mental illnesses and disordered personality
Community screening for visual impairment in the elderly

A comparison of active drugs for the treatment of dysthymia

Complementary and alternative therapies for pain management in labour
Compression for preventing recurrence of venous ulcers
Compression for venous leg ulcers
Computerised advice on drug dosage to improve prescribing practice
Concomitant chemotherapy and radiation therapy for cancer of the uterine cervix
Condom effectiveness in reducing heterosexual HIV transmission
Condylocephalic nails versus extramedullary implants for extracapsular hip fractures
Conservative interventions for treating distal radial fractures in adults
Conservative management for post prostatectomy urinary incontinence
Conservative treatment for whiplash
Conservative versus operative treatment for hip fractures
Continuing education meetings and workshops: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes
Continuity of caregivers for care during pregnancy and childbirth
Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) versus hospital or home haemodialysis for end-stage renal disease in adults
Continuous distending pressure for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants
Continuous electronic heart rate monitoring for fetal assessment during labor
Continuous heparin infusion to prevent thrombosis and catheter occlusion in neonates with peripherally placed percutaneous central venous catheters
Continuous nasogastric milk feeding versus intermittent bolus milk feeding for premature infants less than 1500 grams
Continuous negative extrathoracic pressure or continuous positive airway pressure for acute hypoxemic respiratory failure in children
Continuous passive motion following total knee arthroplasty
Continuous positive airway pressure versus theophylline for apnea in preterm infants
Continuous positive airways pressure for obstructive sleep apnoea
Continuous support for women during childbirth
Continuous versus interrupted sutures for perineal repair
Cooling therapy for acute stroke
Corticosteroid injections for shoulder pain
Corticosteroid therapy for nephrotic syndrome in children
Corticosteroids for acute ischaemic stroke
Corticosteroids for acute severe asthma in hospitalised patients
Corticosteroids for acute traumatic brain injury
Corticosteroids for Bell's palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis)
Corticosteroids for chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy
Corticosteroids for Guillain-Barré syndrome
Corticosteroids for hospitalised children with acute asthma
Corticosteroids for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Corticosteroids for induction of labour
Corticosteroids for maintenance of remission in Crohn's disease
Corticosteroids for preventing relapse following acute exacerbations of asthma
Corticosteroids for pulmonary sarcoidosis
Corticosteroids for the prevention and treatment of post-extubation stridor in neonates, children and adults
Corticosteroids for the resolution of malignant bowel obstruction in advanced gynaecological and gastrointestinal cancer
Corticosteroids in acute bacterial meningitis
Corticosteroids or ACTH for acute exacerbations in multiple sclerosis
Cot-nursing versus incubator care for preterm infants
Cotrimoxazole prophylaxis for opportunistic infections in adults with HIV
Cotrimoxazole prophylaxis for opportunistic infections in children with HIV infection
Cow's milk protein avoidance and development of childhood wheeze in children with a family history of atopy
Cranberries for preventing urinary tract infections
Cranberries for treating urinary tract infections
Cranial irradiation for preventing brain metastases of small cell lung cancer in patients in complete remission
Creams for preventing stretch marks in pregnancy
Crisis intervention for people with severe mental illnesses
Cromolyn sodium for the prevention of chronic lung disease in preterm infants
Curative Surgery for Obstruction from Primary Left Colorectal Carcinoma: Primary or Staged Resection?
Cyclical progestogens for heavy menstrual bleeding
Cyclofenil for Raynaud's phenomenon in progressive systemic sclerosis
Cyclophosphamide for multiple sclerosis
Cyclophosphamide for treating rheumatoid arthritis
Cyclophosphamide versus methylprednisolone for treating neuropsychiatric involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus
Cyclosporin as an oral corticosteroid sparing agent in stable asthma
Cyclosporine for treating rheumatoid arthritis
Cytidinediphosphocholine (CDP choline) for cognitive and behavioural disturbances associated with chronic cerebral disorders in the elderly
Cytomegalovirus prophylaxis with antiviral agents for solid organ transplantation
Cytotoxic drugs and interferons for chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy

D-cycloserine for Alzheimer's disease
D-Penicillamine for preventing retinopathy of prematurity in preterm infants
Danazol for heavy menstrual bleeding
Danazol for pelvic pain associated with endometriosis
Danazol for unexplained infertility
Dapsone as an oral corticosteroid sparing agent for asthma
Day care for pre-school children
Day centres for severe mental illness
Day hospital versus admission for acute psychiatric disorders
Day hospital versus out-patient care for psychiatric disorders
Debridement of diabetic foot ulcers
Decision aids for people facing health treatment or screening decisions
Decongestants and antihistamines for acute otitis media in children
Deep transverse friction massage for treating tendinitis
Deep versus shallow suction of endotracheal tubes in ventilated neonates and young infants
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) supplementation for cognitive function.
Delayed (>3 weeks) postnatal corticosteroids for chronic lung disease in preterm infants
Depot bromperidol decanoate for schizophrenia
Depot flupenthixol decanoate for schizophrenia or other similar psychotic disorders
Depot fluphenazine for schizophrenia
Depot fluspirilene for schizophrenia
Depot haloperidol decanoate for schizophrenia
Depot perphenazine decanoate and enanthate for schizophrenia
Depot pipothiazine palmitate and undecylenate for schizophrenia
Depot versus daily administration of gonadotrophin releasing hormone agonist protocols for pituitary desensitization in assisted reproduction cycles
Desmopressin for minimising perioperative allogeneic blood transfusion
Desmopressin for nocturnal enuresis in children
Developmental care for promoting development and preventing morbidity in preterm infants
Devices and pressure sources for administration of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in preterm neonates
Diaphragm versus diaphragm with spermicides for contraception
Dietary advice for illness-related malnutrition in adults
Dietary advice given by a dietitian versus other health professional or self-help resources to reduce blood cholesterol
Dietary fibre for the prevention of colorectal adenomas and carcinomas
Dietary interventions for phenylketonuria
Dietary interventions for recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) in childhood
Dietary marine fatty acids (fish oil) for asthma in adults and children
Dietary regulation for 'gestational diabetes'
Dietary salt reduction or exclusion for allergic asthma
Dietary treatment for familial hypercholesterolaemia
Dieting to reduce body weight for controlling hypertension in adults
Different functional treatment strategies for acute lateral ankle ligament injuries in adults
Digitalis for treatment of congestive heart failure in patients in sinus rhythm
Digoxin for preventing or treating neonatal respiratory distress syndrome
Dipyridamole for preventing stroke and other vascular events in patients with vascular disease
Directly observed therapy for treating tuberculosis
Discharge planning from hospital to home
Disposable surgical face masks for preventing surgical wound infection in clean surgery
Dissection versus diathermy for tonsillectomy
Diuretic therapy for newborn infants with posthemorrhagic ventricular dilatation
Diuretics acting on the distal renal tubule for preterm infants with (or developing) chronic lung disease
Diuretics for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants
Domiciliary oxygen for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Domiciliary oxygen for interstitial lung disease
Donepezil for dementia due to Alzheimer's disease
Dopamine agonists for cocaine dependence
Dopamine for prevention of morbidity and mortality in term newborn infants with suspected perinatal asphyxia
Dopamine versus dobutamine for hypotensive preterm infants
Dopamine versus no treatment to prevent renal dysfunction in indomethacin-treated preterm newborn infants
Doppler ultrasound for fetal assessment in high risk pregnancies
Double bag or Y-set versus standard transfer systems for continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis in end-stage renal disease
Double gloving to reduce surgical cross-infection
Doxapram for ventilatory failure due to exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Doxapram treatment for apnea in preterm infants
Doxapram versus methylxanthine for apnea in preterm infants
Doxorubicin-based chemotherapy for the palliative treatment of adult patients with locally advanced or metastatic soft tissue sarcoma
Dressings and topical agents for arterial leg ulcers
Droperidol for acute psychosis
Drug management for acute tonic-clonic convulsions including convulsive status epilepticus in children
Drug therapies for reducing gastric acidity in people with cystic fibrosis
Drug treatment for faecal incontinence in adults
Drug treatments for obstructive sleep apnoea
Drugs for discoid lupus erythematosus
Drugs for nocturnal enuresis in children (other than desmopressin and tricyclics)
Drugs for preventing lung cancer in healthy people
Drugs for preventing malaria-related illness in pregnant women and death in the newborn
Drugs for preventing red blood cell dehydration in people with sickle cell disease
Drugs for preventing tuberculosis in HIV infected persons
Drugs for treating giardiasis
Drugs for treating neurocysticercosis (tapeworm infection of the brain)
Drugs for treatment of very high blood pressure during pregnancy
Drugs versus placebo for dysthymia
Duration of treatment for asymptomatic bacteriuria during pregnancy
Duration of treatment with vitamin K antagonists in symptomatic venous thromboembolism
Dynamic exercise therapy for treating rheumatoid arthritis

Ear drops for the removal of ear wax
Early administration of inhaled corticosteroids for preventing chronic lung disease in ventilated very low birth weight preterm neonates
Early amniocentesis versus transabdominal chorion villus sampling for prenatal diagnosis (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Early compared with delayed oral fluids and food after caesarean section
Early emergency department treatment of acute asthma with systemic corticosteroids
Early intravenous nutrition for the prevention of neonatal jaundice
Early light reduction for preventing retinopathy of prematurity in very low birth weight infants
Early postnatal (<96 hours) corticosteroids for preventing chronic lung disease in preterm infants
Early postnatal discharge from hospital for healthy mothers and term infants
Early skin-to-skin contact for mothers and their healthy newborn infants
Early surfactant administration with brief ventilation vs selective surfactant and continued mechanical ventilation for preterm infants with or at risk for RDS
Early use of inhaled corticosteroids in the emergency department treatment of acute asthma
Early versus deferred androgen suppression in the treatment of advanced prostatic cancer
Early versus deferred treatment for early stage multiple myeloma
Early versus delayed initiation of continuous distending pressure for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants
Early versus delayed initiation of progressive enteral feedings for parenterally fed low birth weight or preterm infants
Early versus delayed selective surfactant treatment for neonatal respiratory distress syndrome
Early versus late antiepileptic drug withdrawal for people with epilepsy in remission
Early versus late discontinuation of oxygen in preterm or low birth weight infants
Early volume expansion for prevention of morbidity and mortality in very preterm infants
Early volume expansion versus inotrope for prevention of morbidity and mortality in very preterm infants
Echinacea for preventing and treating the common cold
Education for contraceptive use by women after childbirth
Educational interventions for asthma in children
Educational outreach visits: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes
Effect of the treatment of Type II diabetes mellitus on the development of cognitive impairment and dementia.
Effectiveness and cost effectiveness of counselling in primary care

The effectiveness of psychosocial interventions delivered by general practitioners

Effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on post-operative renal function in normal adults
Effects of low sodium diet versus high sodium diet on blood pressure, renin, aldosterone, catecholamines, cholesterols, and triglyceride
Elastic compression stockings for prevention of deep vein thrombosis
Elective caesarean section versus expectant management for delivery of the small baby
Elective delivery in diabetic pregnant women
Elective delivery of women with a twin pregnancy from 37 weeks' gestation
Elective high frequency jet ventilation versus conventional ventilation for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants
Elective high frequency oscillatory ventilation versus conventional ventilation for acute pulmonary dysfunction in preterm infants
Elective versus symptomatic intravenous antibiotic therapy for cystic fibrosis
Electrical cardioversion for atrial fibrillation and flutter
Electrical stimulation for faecal incontinence in adults
Electrical stimulation for preventing and treating post-stroke shoulder pain
Electrical stimulation for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis
Electroconvulsive therapy for schizophrenia
Electroconvulsive therapy for the depressed elderly
Electromagnetic fields for the treatment of osteoarthritis
Electromagnetic therapy for treating pressure sores
Electromagnetic therapy for treating venous leg ulcers
Eletriptan for acute migraine
Embryo freezing for preventing ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
Emergency sclerotherapy versus medical interventions for bleeding oesophageal varices in cirrhotic patients
Emollient ointment for preventing infection in preterm infants
Enamel matrix derivative (Emdogain®) for periodontal tissue regeneration in intrabony defects
Endometrial destruction techniques for heavy menstrual bleeding
Endometrial resection and ablation versus hysterectomy for heavy menstrual bleeding
Endotracheal intubation at birth for preventing morbidity and mortality in vigorous, meconium-stained infants born at term
Endovascular stents for intermittent claudication
Enemas during labour
Energy/protein restriction for high weight-for-height or weight gain during pregnancy
Enhancing partner support to improve smoking cessation
Enteral antibiotics for preventing necrotizing enterocolitis in low birthweight or preterm infants
Enteral nutritional therapy for induction of remission in Crohn's disease
Enteral tube feeding for cystic fibrosis
Enteral versus parenteral nutrition for acute pancreatitis
Epidural analgesia for pain relief following hip or knee replacement
Epidural blood patching for preventing and treating post-dural puncture headache
Epidural local anaesthetics versus opioid-based analgesic regimens for postoperative gastrointestinal paralysis, PONV and pain after abdominal surgery
Epidural versus non-epidural analgesia for pain relief in labour
Epilepsy clinics versus general neurology or medical clinics
Epinephrine for the resuscitation of apparently stillborn or extremely bradycardic newborn infants
Episiotomy for vaginal birth

The Epley (canalith repositioning) manoeuvre for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo

Eradication of Helicobacter pylori for non-ulcer dyspepsia
Erythromycin for feeding intolerance in preterm infants
Ethosuximide, sodium valproate or lamotrigine for absence seizures in children and adolescents
Etidronate for treating and preventing postmenopausal osteoporosis
Eversion versus conventional carotid endarterectomy for preventing stroke
Excitatory amino acid antagonists for acute stroke
Exercise-based rehabilitation for coronary heart disease
Exercise for intermittent claudication
Exercise for osteoarthritis of the hip or knee
Exercise for preventing and treating osteoporosis in postmenopausal women
Exercise for treating fibromyalgia syndrome.
Exercise interventions for smoking cessation
Exercise therapy for low back pain
Expanding the roles of outpatient pharmacists: effects on health services utilisation, costs, and patient outcomes
Expedited versus conservative approaches for vaginal delivery in breech presentation
External cephalic version for breech presentation at term
External cephalic version for breech presentation before term
Extra-amniotic prostaglandin for induction of labour
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for severe respiratory failure in newborn infants
Extramedullary fixation implants and external fixators for extracapsular hip fractures
Extubation from low-rate intermittent positive airways pressure versus extubation after a trial of endotracheal continuous positive airways pressure in intubated preterm infants

Family and carer smoking control programmes for reducing children's exposure to environmental tobacco smoke
Family and parenting interventions in children and adolescents with conduct disorder and delinquency aged 10-17
Family intervention for schizophrenia
Family therapy for asthma in children
Fat supplementation of human milk for promoting growth in preterm infants
Feather versus non-feather bedding for asthma
Feed thickener for newborn infants with gastro-oesophageal reflux
Fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) for fetal monitoring during labour
Fetal manipulation for facilitating tests of fetal wellbeing
Fetal vibroacoustic stimulation for facilitation of tests of fetal wellbeing
Feverfew for preventing migraine
Fibreoptic phototherapy for neonatal jaundice
Fibrin sealant use for minimising peri-operative allogeneic blood transfusion
Fibrinogen depleting agents for acute ischaemic stroke
Fibrinolytic therapy for intraventricular hemorrhage in adults
Fish oil in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Fixed dose subcutaneous low molecular weight heparins versus adjusted dose unfractionated heparin for venous thromboembolism
Fluoride for treating postmenopausal osteoporosis
Fluoride gels for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents
Fluoride mouthrinses for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents
Fluoride toothpastes for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents
Fluoride varnishes for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents
Fluticasone versus beclomethasone or budesonide for chronic asthma
Folate for depressive disorders
Folate supplementation in pregnancy
Folic acid and folinic acid for reducing side effects in patients receiving methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis
Follicle-stimulating hormone and human menopausal gonadotropin for ovarian stimulation in assisted reproduction cycles (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Follow-up strategies for patients treated for non-metastatic colorectal cancer
Follow-up strategies for women treated for early breast cancer
Formula milk versus preterm human milk for feeding preterm or low birth weight infants
Formula milk versus term human milk for feeding preterm or low birth weight infants
Frameless versus classical intrauterine device for contraception
Frequency of administration of recombinant human erythropoietin for anaemia of end-stage renal disease in dialysis patients
Fully intermittent dosing with drugs for treating tuberculosis in adults
Furosemide for prevention of morbidity in indomethacin-treated infants with patent ductus arteriosus
Furosemide for transient tachypnea of the newborn

G-CSF and GM-CSF for treating or preventing neonatal infections
Gabapentin add-on for drug-resistant partial epilepsy
Galantamine for Alzheimer's disease
Gamma-aminobutyric acid agonists for neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia
Gamma and other cephalocondylic intramedullary nails versus extramedullary implants for extracapsular hip fractures
Gangliosides for acute ischaemic stroke
Garlic for peripheral arterial occlusive disease
Gastro-oesophageal reflux treatment for asthma in adults and children
Ginkgo biloba extract for age-related macular degeneration
Ginkgo Biloba for Cognitive Impairment and Dementia
Glucocorticoids for croup
Glucosamine therapy for treating osteoarthritis
Glutamine supplementation for prevention of morbidity in preterm infants
Glycerol for acute stroke
Gold as an oral corticosteroid sparing agent in stable asthma
Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist protocols for pituitary desensitization in in vitro fertilization and gamete intrafallopian transfer cycles (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone analogue as an adjunct to gonadotropin therapy for clomiphene-resistant polycystic ovarian syndrome
Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone analogues for pain associated with endometriosis
Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone antagonists for assisted conception
Gonadotrophin therapy for ovulation induction in subfertility associated with polycystic ovary syndrome
Gowning by attendants and visitors in newborn nurseries for prevention of neonatal morbidity and mortality
Gradual versus abrupt discontinuation of oxygen in preterm or low birth weight infants
Graft type for femoro-popliteal bypass surgery
Granulopoiesis-stimulating factors in the prevention for adverse effects in the therapeutic treatment of malignant lymphoma
Group-based parent-training programmes for improving emotional and behavioural adjustment in 0-3 year old children
Group behaviour therapy programmes for smoking cessation
Growth hormone for children with chronic renal failure
Growth hormone for in vitro fertilization
Growth monitoring in children
Guided tissue regeneration for periodontal infra-bony defects
Guidelines in professions allied to medicine

Haemodilution for acute ischaemic stroke
Haemoglobin and haematocrit targets for the anaemia of chronic kidney disease
Haemophilus influenzae oral whole cell vaccination for preventing acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis
Haloperidol dose for the acute phase of schizophrenia
Haloperidol for agitation in dementia
Haloperidol versus placebo for schizophrenia
Hands/knees posture in late pregnancy or labour for fetal malposition (lateral or posterior)
Heated, humidified air for the common cold
Heliox for treatment of exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Helium-oxygen mixture for nonintubated acute asthma patients
Helmets for preventing head and facial injuries in bicyclists
Heparin for pregnant women with acquired or inherited thrombophilias
Heparin for prolonging peripheral intravenous catheter use in neonates
Heparin, low molecular weight heparin and physical methods for preventing deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism following surgery for hip fractures
Heparins and mechanical methods for thromboprophylaxis in colorectal surgery
Herbal and dietary therapies for primary and secondary dysmenorrhoea
Herbal therapy for treating osteoarthritis
Herbal therapy for treating rheumatoid arthritis
Heroin maintenance for chronic heroin dependents
High dose chemotherapy and autologous bone marrow or stem cell transplantation versus conventional chemotherapy for women with early poor prognosis breast cancer
High dose chemotherapy and autologous bone marrow or stem cell transplantation versus conventional chemotherapy for women with metastatic breast cancer
High first dose quinine regimen for treating severe malaria
High protein supplementation in pregnancy
High versus low medium chain triglyceride content of formula for promoting short term growth of preterm infants
Hip protectors for preventing hip fractures in the elderly
Holding chambers versus nebulisers for beta-agonist treatment of acute asthma
Holding chambers versus nebulisers for inhaled steroids in chronic asthma
Home-based social support for socially disadvantaged mothers (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Home care by outreach nursing for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Home intravenous antibiotics for cystic fibrosis
Home-like versus conventional institutional settings for birth
Home versus hospital birth
Home versus in-patient treatment for deep vein thrombosis
Homeopathy for chronic asthma
Homeopathy for dementia
Homocysteine lowering interventions for peripheral arterial disease and bypass grafts
Homoeopathic Oscillococcinum for preventing and treating influenza and influenza-like syndromes
Homoeopathy for induction of labour
Hormonally impregnated intrauterine systems (IUSs) versus other forms of reversible contraceptives as effective methods of preventing pregnancy
Hormone replacement therapy for cognitive function in postmenopausal women
Hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women: endometrial hyperplasia and irregular bleeding
Hormone replacement therapy to maintain cognitive function in women with dementia
Hormones for suspected impaired fetal growth
Horse chestnut seed extract for chronic venous insufficiency
Hospital at home versus in-patient hospital care
Hospitalisation and bed rest for multiple pregnancy
House dust mite avoidance measures for perennial allergic rhinitis
House dust mite control measures for asthma
Human albumin solution for resuscitation and volume expansion in critically ill patients
Human chorionic gonadotrophin for recurrent miscarriage
'Human' insulin versus animal insulin in people with diabetes mellitus
Human menopausal gonadotropin versus recombinant follicle stimulation hormone for ovarian stimulation in assisted reproductive cycles
Humidity control for chronic asthma
Hyaluronate for temporomandibular joint disorders
Hyaluronidase for cervical priming and induction of labour
Hydergine for dementia
Hydration for treatment of preterm labour
Hydromorphone for acute and chronic pain
Hydroxyurea for sickle cell disease
Hyperbaric oxygen for carbon monoxide poisoning
Hypertonic versus isotonic crystalloid for fluid resuscitation in critically ill patients
Hyperventilation therapy for acute traumatic brain injury
Hypnotherapy for smoking cessation
Hypothermia to reduce neurological damage following coronary artery bypass surgery

Ibuprofen for Alzheimer's disease
Ibuprofen for the prevention of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm and/or low birth weight infants
Ibuprofen for the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm and/or low birth weight infants
Iloprost and cisaprost for Raynaud's phenomenon in progressive systemic sclerosis
Immediate post-partum insertion of intrauterine devices
Immediate postabortal insertion of intrauterine devices
Immediate versus deferred zidovudine (AZT) in asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic HIV infected adults
Immersion in water in pregnancy, labour and birth
Immobilisation and functional treatment for acute lateral ankle ligament injuries in adults
Immunoglobulin for preventing respiratory syncytial virus infection
Immunoglobulin infusion for isoimmune haemolytic jaundice in neonates
Immunomodulatory agents for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Immunosuppressive and cytotoxic therapy for pulmonary sarcoidosis
Immunosuppressive treatment for multifocal motor neuropathy
Immunotherapy for advanced renal cell cancer
Immunotherapy for IgM anti-Myelin-Associated Glycoprotein paraprotein-associated peripheral neuropathies
Immunotherapy for recurrent miscarriage
Improving health professionals' management and the organisation of care for overweight and obese people
In-hospital care pathways for stroke
In vitro fertilisation for unexplained subfertility
Individual and group-based parenting programmes for improving psychosocial outcomes for teenage parents and their children
Individual behavioural counselling for smoking cessation
Individual or group antenatal education for childbirth/parenthood
Individual psychodynamic psychotherapy and psychoanalysis for schizophrenia and severe mental illness
Indomethacin for asymptomatic patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants
Indomethacin for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease patients
Induction of labour for suspected fetal macrosomia
Infant position in neonates receiving mechanical ventilation
Infliximab for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis
Influenza vaccine for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Information provision for stroke patients and their caregivers
Inhaled beclomethasone at different doses for chronic asthma
Inhaled beclomethasone versus budesonide for chronic asthma
Inhaled beclomethasone versus placebo for chronic asthma
Inhaled beta-agonists for asthma in mechanically ventilated patients
Inhaled bronchodilators for acute chest syndrome in people with sickle cell disease
Inhaled budesonide at different doses for chronic asthma
Inhaled corticosteroid effects on bone metabolism in asthma and mild chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Inhaled corticosteroids for cystic fibrosis
Inhaled fluticasone at different doses for chronic asthma
Inhaled fluticasone proprionate for chronic asthma
Inhaled hyperosmolar agents for bronchiectasis
Inhaled insulin in diabetes mellitus
Inhaled nitric oxide for acute hypoxemic respiratory failure in children and adults
Inhaled nitric oxide for respiratory failure in preterm infants
Inhaled short acting beta2-agonist use in chronic asthma: regular versus as needed treatment
Inhaled short-acting beta2-agonists versus ipratropium for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Inhaled sodium cromoglycate for asthma in children
Inhaled steroids for acute asthma following emergency department discharge
Inhaled steroids for bronchiectasis
Inhaled steroids for episodic viral wheeze of childhood
Inhaled steroids for neonatal chronic lung disease
Inhaled versus oral steroids for adults with chronic asthma
Inhaled versus systemic corticosteroids for preventing chronic lung disease in ventilated very low birth weight preterm neonates
Inhaled versus systemic corticosteroids for the treatment of chronic lung disease in ventilated very low birth weight preterm infants
Initial management strategies for dyspepsia
Injectable gold for rheumatoid arthritis
Injection sclerotherapy for varicose veins
Injection therapy for subacute and chronic benign low back pain
Inositol for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants
Insecticide-treated bednets and curtains for preventing malaria
Institutional versus at-home long term care for functionally dependent older people
Instruments for chorionic villus sampling for prenatal diagnosis
Insulin-sensitising drugs (metformin, troglitazone, rosiglitazone, pioglitazone, D-chiro-inositol) for polycystic ovary syndrome
Intensity of exercise for the treatment of osteoarthritis
Intercessory prayer for the alleviation of ill health
Interferon for acute hepatitis C
Interferon for interferon naive patients with chronic hepatitis C
Interferon for interferon nonresponding and relapsing patients with chronic hepatitis C
Interferon in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis
Intermittent pneumatic compression for treating venous leg ulcers
Internal fixation implants for intracapsular proximal femoral fractures in adults
Internal fixation versus arthroplasty for intracapsular proximal femoral fractures in adults
Interprofessional education: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes
Interventionist versus expectant care for severe pre-eclampsia before term
Interventions Aimed at Improving Immunization Rates
Interventions for acute non-arteritic central retinal artery occlusion
Interventions for asymptomatic retinal breaks and lattice degeneration for preventing retinal detachment
Interventions for basal cell carcinoma of the skin
Interventions for bullous pemphigoid
Interventions for chronic abacterial prostatitis
Interventions for chronic suppurative otitis media
Interventions for deliberately altering blood pressure in acute stroke
Interventions for dysphagia in acute stroke
Interventions for early stage Hodgkin's disease in children
Interventions for educating children who have attended the emergency room for asthma
Interventions for emergency contraception
Interventions for encouraging sexual lifestyles and behaviours intended to prevent cervical cancer
Interventions for guttate psoriasis
Interventions for helping patients to follow prescriptions for medications
Interventions for herpes simplex virus epithelial keratitis
Interventions for idiopathic intracranial hypertension
Interventions for improving communication with children and adolescents about their cancer
Interventions for increasing pedestrian and cyclist visibility for the prevention of death and injuries
Interventions for intermittent distance exotropia
Interventions for involutional lower lid entropion
Interventions for isolated diaphyseal fractures of the ulna in adults
Interventions for learning disabled sex offenders
Interventions for leg cramps in pregnancy
Interventions for mucous membrane pemphigoid and epidermolysis bullosa acquisita
Interventions for nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy
Interventions for paracetamol (acetaminophen) overdoses
Interventions for pathological gambling
Interventions for preoperative smoking cessation
Interventions for preventing and treating pelvic and back pain in pregnancy
Interventions for preventing and treating stress fractures and stress reactions of bone of the lower limbs in young adults
Interventions for preventing ankle ligament injuries
Interventions for preventing blood loss during the treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
Interventions for preventing eating disorders in children and adolescents
Interventions for preventing falls in elderly people
Interventions for preventing injuries in problem drinkers
Interventions for preventing lower limb soft-tissue injuries in runners
Interventions for preventing obesity in children
Interventions for preventing or improving the outcome of delivery at or beyond term
Interventions for preventing oral candidiasis for patients with cancer receiving treatment
Interventions for preventing oral mucositis for patients with cancer receiving treatment
Interventions for preventing reactions to snake antivenom
Interventions for preventing tobacco sales to minors
Interventions for preventing tobacco smoking in public places
Interventions for promoting adherence to tuberculosis management (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Interventions for promoting smoke alarm ownership and function
Interventions for promoting smoking cessation during pregnancy
Interventions for providers to promote a patient-centred approach in clinical consultations
Interventions for reducing the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection
Interventions for relieving the pain and discomfort of screening mammography
Interventions for replacing missing teeth: bone augmentation techniques for dental implant treatment
Interventions for replacing missing teeth: dental implants in zygomatic bone for the rehabilitation of the severely deficient edentulous maxilla
Interventions for replacing missing teeth: different times for loading dental implants
Interventions for replacing missing teeth: different types of dental implants
Interventions for replacing missing teeth: hyperbaric oxygen therapy for irradiated patients who require dental implants
Interventions for replacing missing teeth: maintaining and re-establishing healthy tissues around dental implants
Interventions for replacing missing teeth: preprosthetic surgery versus dental implants
Interventions for replacing missing teeth: surgical techniques for placing dental implants
Interventions for shoulder pain
Interventions for smoking cessation in hospitalised patients
Interventions for suspected placenta praevia
Interventions for the physical aspects of sexual dysfunction in women following pelvic radiotherapy
Interventions for the treatment of burning mouth syndrome
Interventions for the treatment of twin-twin transfusion syndrome
Interventions for toxic epidermal necrolysis
Interventions for treating acute and chronic Achilles tendinitis
Interventions for treating calcaneal fractures
Interventions for treating cholestasis in pregnancy
Interventions for treating chronic pelvic pain in women
Interventions for treating collagenous colitis
Interventions for treating constipation in pregnancy
Interventions for treating genital chlamydia trachomatis infection in pregnancy
Interventions for treating hallux valgus (abductovalgus) and bunions
Interventions for treating headlice
Interventions for treating melioidosis
Interventions for treating obesity in children
Interventions for treating oral candidiasis for patients with cancer receiving treatment
Interventions for treating oral leukoplakia
Interventions for treating oral lichen planus
Interventions for treating oral mucositis for patients with cancer receiving treatment
Interventions for treating placental abruption
Interventions for treating plantar heel pain
Interventions for treating proximal humeral fractures in adults
Interventions for treating psoriatic arthritis
Interventions for treating scabies
Interventions for treating schistosomiasis haematobium
Interventions for treating schistosomiasis mansoni
Interventions for treating trichomoniasis in women
Interventions for treating tuberculous pericarditis
Interventions for trichomoniasis in pregnancy
Interventions for tubal ectopic pregnancy
Interventions for vaginismus
Interventions for varicosities and leg oedema in pregnancy
Interventions in the management of serum lipids for preventing stroke recurrence
Interventions targeted at women to encourage the uptake of cervical screening
Interventions to help external cephalic version for breech presentation at term
Interventions to implement prevention in primary care
Interventions to improve the management of diabetes mellitus in primary care, outpatient and community settings
Interventions to modify sexual risk behaviors for preventing HIV infection in men who have sex with men
Interventions to promote collaboration between nurses and doctors
Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection versus conventional techniques for oocyte insemination during in vitro fertilisation in patients with non-male subfertility
Intra-operative Mitomycin C for glaucoma surgery
Intra-pleural fibrinolytic therapy for parapneumonic effusions and empyema
Intra-uterine versus cervical insemination of donor sperm for subfertility
Intra-venous albumin for preventing severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
Intrapartum antibiotics for Group B streptococcal colonisation
Intravascular brachytherapy for peripheral vascular disease
Intravenous aminophylline for acute severe asthma in children over 2 years using inhaled bronchodilators
Intravenous beta2-agonists for acute asthma in the emergency department
Intravenous dexamethasone for extubation of newborn infants
Intravenous fluids for abdominal aortic surgery
Intravenous immunoglobulin for chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy
Intravenous immunoglobulin for Guillain-Barré syndrome
Intravenous immunoglobulin for myasthenia gravis
Intravenous immunoglobulin for preventing infection in preterm and/or low-birth-weight infants
Intravenous immunoglobulin for suspected or subsequently proven infection in neonates
Intravenous immunoglobulin for treating sepsis and septic shock
Intravenous midazolam infusion for sedation of infants in the neonatal intensive care unit
Intravenous naftidrofuryl for critical limb ischaemia
Intravenous or enteral loop diuretics for preterm infants with (or developing) chronic lung disease
Intravenous oxytocin alone for cervical ripening and induction of labour
Intravenous prostaglandin for induction of labour
Intraventricular streptokinase after intraventricular hemorrhage in newborn infants
Intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin in Ta and T1 Bladder Cancer
Intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin versus Mitomycin C for Ta and T1 Bladder Cancer
Iodised salt for preventing iodine deficiency disorders
Ionisers for chronic asthma
Iron and folate supplementation in pregnancy
Iron chelating agents for treating malaria
Iron supplementation in pregnancy
Iron therapy for improving psychomotor development and cognitive function in children under the age of three with iron deficiency anaemia
Isocaloric balanced protein supplementation in pregnancy
Isoniazid for preventing tuberculosis in non-HIV infected persons
Ivermectin for onchocercal eye disease (river blindness)

Kangaroo mother care to reduce morbidity and mortality in low birthweight infants
Kava extract for treating anxiety
Ketamine as an adjuvant to opioids for cancer pain
Ketanserin for Raynaud's phenomenon in progressive systemic sclerosis
Ketogenic diet for epilepsy
Kinesthetic stimulation for preventing apnea in preterm infants
Kinesthetic stimulation for treating apnea in preterm infants
Kinesthetic stimulation versus theophylline for apnea in preterm infants
Kinin-enhancing drugs for unexplained subfertility in men (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)

LAAM maintenance vs methadone maintenance for heroin dependence.
Labour assessment programs to delay admission to labour wards
Lamotrigine add-on for drug-resistant partial epilepsy
Laparoscopic colposuspension for urinary incontinence in women
Laparoscopic "drilling" by diathermy or laser for ovulation induction in anovulatory polycystic ovary syndrome
Laparoscopic surgery for pelvic pain associated with endometriosis
Laparoscopic surgery for subfertility associated with endometriosis
Laparoscopic techniques versus open techniques for inguinal hernia repair
Laparoscopic versus open surgery for suspected appendicitis
Laser resurfacing for facial acne scars
Laser therapy for venous leg ulcers
Late versus early surgical correction for congenital diaphragmatic hernia in newborn infants
Lateral tilt for caesarean section
Lecithin for dementia and cognitive impairment
Leflunomide for treating rheumatoid arthritis
Length of hospitalisation for people with severe mental illness
Leukotriene receptor antagonists for non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis
Levetiracetam add-on for drug-resistant localization related (partial) epilepsy
Lidocaine-prilocaine cream for analgesia during circumcision in newborn boys
Life skills programmes for chronic mental illnesses
Lifestyle modification for obstructive sleep apnoea
Limited (information only) patient education programs for adults with asthma
Lipid-lowering for lower limb atherosclerosis
Liquid and fluid agents for preventing adhesions after surgery for subfertility
Lisuride for levodopa-induced complications in Parkinson's disease
Lisuride versus bromocriptine for levodopa-induced complications in Parkinson's disease
Lithium for maintenance treatment of mood disorders
Lithium for schizophrenia
Lobeline for smoking cessation
Local corticosteroid injection for carpal tunnel syndrome
Local opinion leaders: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes
Local treatments for cutaneous warts
Local versus general anaesthesia for carotid endarterectomy
Long-acting beta-2-agonists for bronchiectasis
Long acting beta-agonists versus theophylline for maintenance treatment of asthma
Long-acting beta2-agonists for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients with poorly reversible airflow limitation
Long-term antibiotics for preventing recurrent urinary tract infection in children
Longchain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in infants born at term
Longchain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in preterm infants
Low dosage tricyclic antidepressants for depression
Low level laser therapy (Classes I, II and III) for treating osteoarthritis
Low level laser therapy (Classes I, II and III) for treating rheumatoid arthritis
Low level laser therapy for treating tuberculosis
Low-molecular-weight heparins or heparinoids versus standard unfractionated heparin for acute ischaemic stroke
Low molecular weight heparins versus unfractionated heparin for acute coronary syndromes
Low protein diets for chronic renal failure in non diabetic adults
Loxapine for schizophrenia
Lubeluzole for acute ischaemic stroke
Lumbar supports for prevention and treatment of low back pain
Lung volume reduction surgery for diffuse emphysema

Macrolide antibiotics for cystic fibrosis
Macrolides for chronic asthma
Magnesium maintenance therapy for preventing preterm birth after threatened preterm labour
Magnesium sulfate for treating exacerbations of acute asthma in the emergency department
Magnesium sulphate and other anticonvulsants for women with pre-eclampsia
Magnesium sulphate for preventing preterm birth in threatened preterm labour
Magnesium sulphate versus diazepam for eclampsia
Magnesium sulphate versus lytic cocktail for eclampsia
Magnesium sulphate versus phenytoin for eclampsia
Magnesium supplementation in pregnancy
Malaria chemoprophylaxis in sickle cell disease
Male circumcision for prevention of heterosexual acquisition of HIV in men
Management of faecal incontinence and constipation in adults with central neurological diseases
Managements for people with disorders of sexual preference and for convicted sexual offenders
Mannitol for acute stroke
Mannitol for acute traumatic brain injury
Manual removal of placenta at caesarean section
Manual therapy for asthma
Manual versus powered toothbrushing for oral health
Mass media interventions: effects on health services utilisation
Mass media interventions for preventing smoking in young people
Massage for promoting growth and development of preterm and/or low birth-weight infants
Massage for low back pain
Maternal antigen avoidance during lactation for preventing atopic disease in infants of women at high risk
Maternal antigen avoidance during lactation for preventing atopic eczema in infants
Maternal antigen avoidance during pregnancy for preventing atopic disease in infants of women at high risk
Maternal glucose administration for facilitating tests of fetal wellbeing
Maternal hydration for increasing amniotic fluid volume in oligohydramnios and normal amniotic fluid volume
Maternal iodine supplements in areas of deficiency
Maternal nutrient supplementation for suspected impaired fetal growth
Maternal oxygen administration for fetal distress
Maternal oxygen administration for suspected impaired fetal growth
Maximal androgen blockade for advanced prostate cancer
Mecamylamine (a nicotine antagonist) for smoking cessation
Mechanical bowel preparation for elective colorectal surgery
Mechanical methods for induction of labour
Mechanical ventilation for newborn infants with respiratory failure due to pulmonary disease
Media-based behavioural treatments for behavioural disorders in children
Mediastinal chest drain clearance for cardiac surgery
Medical adjuvant treatment to increase patency of arteriovenous fistulae and grafts
Medical anti-shock trousers (pneumatic anti-shock garments) for circulatory support in patients with trauma
Medical day hospital care for the elderly versus alternative forms of care
Medical versus surgical methods for first trimester termination of pregnancy
Medicinal herbs for hepatitis C virus infection
Mefloquine for preventing malaria in non-immune adult travellers
Melatonin for the prevention and treatment of jet lag
Memantine for dementia
Membrane sweeping for induction of labour
Metalloporphyrins for treatment of unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia in neonates
Methadone at tapered doses for the management of opioid withdrawal
Methadone maintenance at different dosages for opiod dependence
Methadone maintenance therapy versus no opioid replacement therapy for opioid dependence
Methenamine hippurate for preventing urinary tract infections
Methotrexate as a steroid sparing agent for asthma in adults
Methotrexate for induction of remission in refractory Crohn's disease
Methotrexate for treating juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Methotrexate for treating rheumatoid arthritis
Methylxanthine treatment for apnea in preterm infants
Methylxanthines for exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Metoclopramide for migration of naso-enteral tube
Mifepristone for induction of labour
Minilaparotomy and endoscopic techniques for tubal sterilisation
Minimal enteral nutrition for promoting feeding tolerance and preventing morbidity in parenterally fed infants
Minocycline for acne vulgaris: efficacy and safety.
Miscellaneous treatments for neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia
Mobilisation strategies after hip fracture surgery in adults
Moderate-term, low-dose corticosteroids for rheumatoid arthritis
Moderately early (7-14 days) postnatal corticosteroids for preventing chronic lung disease in preterm infants
Modern combined oral contraceptives for pain associated with endometriosis
Molindone for schizophrenia and severe mental illness
Mucolytic agents for chronic bronchitis or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Mucolytics for bronchiectasis
Multi-agent chemotherapy for early breast cancer
Multicomponent fortified human milk for promoting growth in preterm infants
Multidisciplinary Bio-Psycho-Social Rehabilitation for Chronic Low Back Pain
Multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation for neck and shoulder pain among working age adults
Multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation for subacute low back pain among working age adults
Multidisciplinary rehabilitation for fibromyalgia and musculoskeletal pain in working age adults.
Multidisciplinary team interventions for delirium in patients with chronic cognitive impairment
Multifocal versus monofocal intraocular lenses after cataract extraction
Multiple risk factor interventions for primary prevention of coronary heart disease
Multiple versus single dose natural surfactant extract for severe neonatal respiratory distress syndrome
Muscle relaxants for non-specific low back pain
Mycobacterium vaccae immunotherapy for treating tuberculosis

Naloxone for narcotic-exposed newborn infants
Naltrexone maintenance treatment for opioid dependence
Nasal continuous positive airways pressure immediately after extubation for preventing morbidity in preterm infants
Nasal decongestants for the common cold
Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) versus nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) for apnea of prematurity
Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) versus nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) for preterm neonates after extubation
Nasal versus oral intubation for mechanical ventilation of newborn infants
Natural surfactant extract versus synthetic surfactant for neonatal respiratory distress syndrome
Near-Infrared spectroscopy for fetal assessment during labour
Nebulised anti-pseudomonal antibiotics for cystic fibrosis
Nebulised hypertonic saline for cystic fibrosis
Nebulised morphine for severe interstitial lung disease
Nebulized racemic epinephrine for extubation of newborn infants
Nedocromil sodium for preventing exercise-induced bronchoconstriction
Nedocromil sodium versus sodium cromoglycate for preventing exercise-induced bronchoconstriction in asthmatics
Neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy for operable hepatocellular carcinoma
Neoadjuvant cisplatin for advanced bladder cancer
Neonatal screening for sickle cell disease
Nerve blocks (subcostal, lateral cutaneous, femoral, triple, psoas) for hip fractures
Neuraminidase inhibitors for preventing and treating influenza in children
Neuraminidase inhibitors for preventing and treating influenza in healthy adults
Neuroleptic reduction and/or cessation and neuroleptics as specific treatments for tardive dyskinesia
Neuromuscular paralysis for newborn infants receiving mechanical ventilation
Newborn screening for cystic fibrosis
Newer atypical antipsychotic medication versus clozapine for schizophrenia
Nicergoline for dementia and other age associated forms of cognitive impairment
Nicotine for Alzheimer's disease
Nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation
Nimodipine for primary degenerative, mixed and vascular dementia
Nitrates for achalasia
Nitric oxide donors for the treatment of preterm labour
Nitric oxide donors (nitrates), L-arginine, or nitric oxide synthase inhibitors for acute stroke
Nitric oxide for respiratory failure in infants born at or near term
Nocturnal mechanical ventilation for chronic hypoventilation in patients with neuromuscular and chest wall disorders
Nocturnal non-invasive positive pressure ventilation for stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Non-aspirin, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for treating osteoarthritis of the knee
Non-corticosteroid treatment for nephrotic syndrome in children
Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation for treatment of respiratory failure due to exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Non-invasive ventilation for cystic fibrosis
Non-latex versus latex male condoms for contraception
Non-nutritive sucking for promoting physiologic stability and nutrition in preterm infants
Non-pharmacological therapies for dysphagia in Parkinson's disease
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for low back pain
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for preventing heterotopic bone formation after hip arthroplasty
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for treating lateral elbow pain in adults
Non-surgical interventions for late radiation cystitis in patients who have received radical radiotherapy to the pelvis
Non surgical interventions for late radiation proctitis in patients who have received radical radiotherapy to the pelvis
Non-surgical treatment (other than steroid injection) for carpal tunnel syndrome
Nonoxynol-9 for preventing vaginal acquisition of HIV infection by women from men
Nonoxynol-9 for preventing vaginal acquisition of sexually transmitted infections by women from men
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for heavy menstrual bleeding
Noradrenergic agonists for acute traumatic brain injury
Nurse specialist care for bronchiectasis
Nursing interventions for smoking cessation
Nursing record systems: effects on nursing practice and health care outcomes
Nutrition support for bone marrow transplant patients
Nutritional advice in pregnancy
Nutritional supplementation for hip fracture aftercare in the elderly
Nutritional supplementation for stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Nutritional support for head-injured patients
Nystatin prophylaxis and treatment in severely immunodepressed patients

Occlusal adjustment for treating and preventing temporomandibular joint disorders
Occupational therapy for multiple sclerosis
Occupational therapy for Parkinson's disease
Oestrogen and progestogen hormone replacement therapy for peri-menopausal and post-menopausal women: weight and body fat distribution
Oestrogen supplementation, mainly diethylstilbestrol, for preventing miscarriages and other adverse pregnancy outcomes
Oestrogens alone or with amniotomy for cervical ripening or induction of labour
Oestrogens and progestogens for preventing and treating postnatal depression
Oestrogens for urinary incontinence in women
Oil-soluble versus water-soluble media for assessing tubal patency with hysterosalpingography or laparoscopy in subfertile women (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Olanzapine alone or in combination for acute mania
Olanzapine for schizophrenia
Omega-3 fatty acids (from fish oils) for cystic fibrosis
On-site mental health workers in primary care: effects on professional practice
Once daily versus multiple daily dosing with intravenous aminoglycosides for cystic fibrosis
Once versus twice daily LMWH for the initial treatment of venous thromboembolism
Open general medical wards versus specialist psychiatric units for acute psychoses
Open Mesh versus Non-Mesh for Groin Hernia repair
Open retropubic colposuspension for urinary incontinence in women
Operative procedures for fissure in ano
Operative versus conservative management for 'fetal distress' in labour
Opiate treatment for opiate withdrawal in newborn infants
Opioid antagonists for alcohol dependence
Opioid antagonists for smoking cessation
Opioid antagonists under heavy sedation or anaesthesia for opioid withdrawal
Opioid antagonists with minimal sedation for opioid withdrawal
Opioids for the palliation of breathlessness in terminal illness
Optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding
Options for self-management education for adults with asthma
Oral 5-aminosalicylic acid for induction of remission in ulcerative colitis
Oral 5-aminosalicylic acid for maintenance of remission in ulcerative colitis
Oral anticoagulants for preventing stroke in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation and no previous history of stroke or transient ischemic attacks
Oral anticoagulants versus antiplatelet therapy for preventing further vascular events after transient ischaemic attack or minor stroke of presumed arterial origin
Oral beta-blockers for mild to moderate hypertension during pregnancy
Oral calorie supplements for cystic fibrosis
Oral contraceptive pills for heavy menstrual bleeding
Oral corticosteroids for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Oral immunoglobulin for preventing necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm and low birth-weight neonates
Oral immunoglobulin for the prevention of rotavirus infection in low birth weight infants
Oral immunoglobulin for the treatment of rotavirus diarrhoea in low birth weight infants
Oral methyl-xanthines for bronchiectasis
Oral misoprostol for induction of labour
Oral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug therapy for cystic fibrosis
Oral oestrogen replacement therapy versus placebo for hot flushes
Oral or topical nasal steroids for hearing loss associated with otitis media with effusion in children
Oral prostaglandin E2 for induction of labour
Oral protein calorie supplementation for children with chronic disease
Oral steroids for bronchiectasis (stable and acute exacerbations)
Oral steroids for cystic fibrosis
Oral sumatriptan for acute migraine
Oral theophylline for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Oral treatments for fungal infections of the skin of the foot.
Oral versus injectable ovulation induction agents for unexplained subfertility
Oral versus intra-vaginal imidazole and triazole anti-fungal treatment of uncomplicated vulvovaginal candidiasis (thrush).
Oral zinc for arterial and venous leg ulcers
Organised inpatient (stroke unit) care for stroke
Orthodontic treatment for posterior crossbites
Orthotic devices for the treatment of tennis elbow
Orthotic devices for treating patellofemoral pain syndrome
Osteotomy, compression and reaming techniques for internal fixation of extracapsular hip fractures
Outcome measures and needs assessment tools for schizophrenia and related disorders
Ovarian ablation for early breast cancer
Over-the-counter medications for acute cough in children and adults in ambulatory settings
Ovulation induction with urinary follicle stimulating hormone versus human menopausal gonadotropin for clomiphene-resistant polycystic ovary syndrome (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Ovulation suppression for endometriosis
Oxatomide for stable asthma in adults and children
Oxcarbazepine add-on for drug-resistant partial epilepsy
Oxytocin for prelabour rupture of membranes at or near term (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)

Palliative chemotherapy for advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer
Palliative radiotherapy regimens for non-small cell lung cancer
Paracetamol for treating fever in children
Parent-mediated early intervention for young children with autism spectrum disorder
Parent-training programmes for improving maternal psychosocial health
Patch angioplasty versus primary closure for carotid endarterectomy
Patches of different types for carotid patch angioplasty
Patient education for adults with rheumatoid arthritis
Patient education for mechanical neck disorders (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Patient education for preventing diabetic foot ulceration
Patient held clinical information for people with psychotic illnesses
Patient support and education for promoting adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy for HIV/AIDS
Patterns of routine antenatal care for low-risk pregnancy
Pelvic floor muscle training for urinary incontinence in women
Pelvimetry for fetal cephalic presentations at term
Penicillamine for treating rheumatoid arthritis
Penicillin for secondary prevention of rheumatic fever
Pentoxifylline for treating venous leg ulcers
Pentoxifylline, propentofylline and pentifylline for acute ischaemic stroke
Perazine for schizophrenia
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting for carotid artery stenosis
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting for vertebral artery stenosis
Pergolide for levodopa-induced complications in Parkinson's disease
Pergolide versus bromocriptine for levodopa-induced complications in Parkinson's disease
Periconceptional supplementation with folate and/or multivitamins for preventing neural tube defects
Perioperative fluid volume optimization following proximal femoral fracture
Perioperative local anaesthesia for reducing pain following tonsillectomy
Peripheral retinal ablation for threshold retinopathy of prematurity in preterm infants
Peritoneal non-closure at caesarean section
Periurethral injection therapy for urinary incontinence in women
Permissive hypercapnia for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in mechanically ventilated newborn infants
Personalised risk communication for informed decision making about entering screening programs
Pet allergen control measures for allergic asthma in children and adults
Pharmacological interventions for non-ulcer dyspepsia
Pharmacological interventions for recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) in childhood
Pharmacological interventions for spasticity following spinal cord injury
Pharmacological management for agitation and aggression in people with acquired brain injury
Pharmacological treatment for aphasia following stroke
Pharmacological treatments for psychosis-related polydipsia
Pharmacotherapy for Behcet's syndrome
Pharmacotherapy for hypertension in the elderly
Pharmacotherapy for hypertension in women of different races
Pharmacotherapy for induction and maintenance of remission in pouchitis
Pharmacotherapy for post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Phenobarbital prior to preterm birth for preventing neonatal periventricular haemorrhage
Phenobarbitone versus phenytoin monotherapy for partial onset seizures and generalized onset tonic-clonic seizures
Phenytoin versus valproate monotherapy for partial onset seizures and generalized onset tonic-clonic seizures
Photodynamic therapy for neovascular age-related macular degeneration
Physical exercise for sleep problems in adults aged 60+
Physical medicine modalities for mechanical neck disorders (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Physical methods for preventing deep vein thrombosis in stroke
Physical methods for treating fever in children
Physical therapies for prevention of urinary and faecal incontinence in adults
Physical training for asthma
Physical training for bronchiectasis
Physical training for cystic fibrosis
Physician advice for smoking cessation
Physiotherapist-led programmes and interventions for rehabilitation of anterior cruciate ligament, medial collateral ligament and meniscal injuries of the knee in adults
Physiotherapy for Parkinson's disease: a comparison of techniques
Physiotherapy interventions for Ankylosing Spondylitis
Physiotherapy interventions for shoulder pain
Physiotherapy treatment approaches for the recovery of postural control and lower limb function following stroke
Physiotherapy versus placebo or no intervention in Parkinson's disease
Physostigmine for Alzheimer's disease
Pimozide for schizophrenia or related psychoses
Piracetam for acute ischaemic stroke
Piracetam for dementia or cognitive impairment
Piracetam for fetal distress in labour
Placebo treatment versus no treatment
Planned caesarean section for term breech delivery
Plasma exchange for Guillain-Barré syndrome
Plasma exchange for myasthenia gravis
Plasma volume expansion for suspected impaired fetal growth
Plasma volume expansion for treatment of pre-eclampsia
Platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa blockers for percutaneous coronary revascularization, and unstable angina and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction
Platelet-rich-plasmapheresis for minimising peri-operative allogeneic blood transfusion
Pneumococcal vaccine for asthma
Pneumococcal vaccines for preventing otitis media
Polysaccharide vaccines for preventing serogroup A meningococcal meningitis
Polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation for schizophrenia
Pool fencing for preventing drowning in children
Population-based interventions for reducing sexually transmitted infections, including HIV infection
Position for women during second stage of labour
Post-licence driver education for the prevention of road traffic crashes
Post-operative 5-Fluorouracil for glaucoma surgery
Postnatal phenobarbitone for the prevention of intraventricular hemorrhage in preterm infants
Postoperative procedures for improving fertility following pelvic reproductive surgery
Postoperative radiotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer
Posture and fluids for preventing post-dural puncture headache
Potassium nitrate toothpaste for dentine hypersensitivity
Pramipexole for levodopa-induced complications in Parkinson's disease
Pramipexole versus bromocriptine for levodopa-induced complications in Parkinson's disease
Prazosin for Raynaud's phenomenon in progressive systemic sclerosis
Pre-conception and antenatal screening for the fragile site on the X-chromosome
Pre-operative autologous donation for minimising perioperative allogeneic blood transfusion
Pre-operative endometrial thinning agents before endometrial destruction for heavy menstrual bleeding
Pre-operative GnRH analogue therapy before hysterectomy or myomectomy for uterine fibroids
Pre-operative traction for fractures of the proximal femur
Premedication for anxiety in adult day surgery
Prenatal thyrotropin-releasing hormone for preterm birth
Preoperative blood transfusions for sickle cell disease
Preoperative chemotherapy for resectable thoracic esophageal cancer
Preoperative radiotherapy for esophageal carcinoma
Preoxygenation for tracheal suctioning in intubated, ventilated newborn infants
Pressure relieving interventions for preventing and treating diabetic foot ulcers
Pressurised metered dose inhalers versus all other hand-held inhaler devices to deliver beta-2 agonist bronchodilators for non-acute asthma
Pressurised metered-dose inhalers versus all other hand-held inhalers devices to deliver bronchodilators for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Prevention of NSAID-induced gastroduodenal ulcers
Primary angioplasty versus intravenous thrombolysis for acute myocardial infarction
Primary care based clinics for asthma
Primary groin irradiation vs primary groin surgery for early vulvar cancer
Primary prevention for alcohol misuse in young people
Primary repair for penetrating colon injuries
Printed educational materials: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Progestagens and anti-progestagens for pain associated with endometriosis
Progestagens for endometrial cancer
Progesterone/progestogen releasing intrauterine systems for heavy menstrual bleeding
Progestogens versus oestrogens and progestogens for irregular uterine bleeding associated with anovulation
Progressive resistance strength training for physical disability in older people
Prompted voiding for the management of urinary incontinence in adults
Prompts to encourage appointment attendance for people with serious mental illness
Propentofylline for Dementia
Prophylactic antibiotic administration in pregnancy to prevent infectious morbidity and mortality
Prophylactic antibiotic therapy for chronic bronchitis
Prophylactic antibiotics for cystic fibrosis
Prophylactic antibiotics for inhibiting preterm labour with intact membranes
Prophylactic antibiotics for preventing early central venous catheter Gram positive infections in oncology patients
Prophylactic antibiotics for preventing pneumococcal infection in children with sickle cell disease
Prophylactic caffeine to prevent postoperative apnea following general anesthesia in preterm infants
Prophylactic corticosteroids for preterm birth
Prophylactic doxapram for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants undergoing endotracheal extubation
Prophylactic intravenous antifungal agents to prevent mortality and morbidity in very low birth weight infants
Prophylactic intravenous indomethacin for preventing mortality and morbidity in preterm infants
Prophylactic intravenous preloading for regional analgesia in labour
Prophylactic methylxanthine for prevention of apnea in preterm infants
Prophylactic methylxanthines for extubation in preterm infants
Prophylactic nasal continuous positive airways pressure for preventing morbidity and mortality in very preterm infants
Prophylactic natural surfactant extract for preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm infants
Prophylactic synthetic surfactant for preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm infants
Prophylactic syntometrine versus oxytocin for delivery of the placenta
Prophylactic use of oxytocin in the third stage of labour
Prophylactic versus selective blood transfusion for sickle cell anaemia during pregnancy
Prophylactic versus selective use of surfactant in preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm infants
Prophylactic versus therapeutic amnioinfusion for oligohydramnios in labour
Prophylactic vitamin K for vitamin K deficiency bleeding in neonates
Prophylaxis for venous thromboembolic disease in pregnancy and the early postnatal period
Propylthiouracil for alcoholic liver disease
Prostacyclin and analogues for acute ischaemic stroke
Prostacyclin for pulmonary hypertension
Prostaglandins for prelabour rupture of membranes at or near term (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Prostaglandins for prevention of postpartum haemorrhage
Prostaglandins versus oxytocin for prelabour rupture of membranes at or near term (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Prostaglandins versus oxytocin for prelabour rupture of membranes at term (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Protein and energy supplementation in elderly people at risk from malnutrition
Protein restriction for diabetic renal disease
Protein supplementation of human milk for promoting growth in preterm infants
Psychoeducation for schizophrenia
Psychological debriefing for preventing post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Psychological interventions for cystic fibrosis
Psychological interventions for depression in adolescent and adult congenital heart disease
Psychological interventions for non-ulcer dyspepsia
Psychological therapies for sickle cell disease and pain
Psychological therapies for thalassaemia
Psychological therapies for the management of chronic and recurrent pain in children and adolescents
Psychological treatments for epilepsy
Psychosocial and pharmacological treatments for deliberate self harm
Psychosocial treatment programmes for people with both severe mental illness and substance misuse
Psychostimulants for hypersomnia (excessive daytime sleepiness) in myotonic dystrophy
Psychotherapy for bulimia nervosa and binging
Pulmonary rehabilitation for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Pulp treatment for extensive decay in primary teeth
Pulsatile luteinising hormone releasing hormone for ovulation induction in subfertility associated with polycystic ovary syndrome
Pulse oximetry for perioperative monitoring
Pygeum africanum for benign prostatic hyperplasia
Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) supplementation in pregnancy

Quetiapine for schizophrenia

Radiant warmers versus incubators for regulating body temperature in newborn infants
Radical radiotherapy for stage I/II non-small cell lung cancer in patients not sufficiently fit for or declining surgery (medically inoperable)
Radiofrequency denervation for neck and back pain
Radiofrequency thermal ablation versus other interventions for hepatocellular carcinoma
Radiotherapy for early breast cancer
Radiotherapy for the palliation of painful bone metastases
Radiotherapy versus open surgery versus endolaryngeal surgery (with or without laser) for early laryngeal squamous cell cancer
Rapid correction of early metabolic acidaemia in comparison with placebo, no intervention or slow correction in LBW infants
Rapid versus slow rate of advancement of feedings for promoting growth and preventing necrotizing enterocolitis in parenterally fed low-birth-weight infants
Reality orientation for dementia (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Recombinant FSH versus urinary gonadotrophins or recombinant FSH for ovulation induction in subfertility associated with polycystic ovary syndrome
Recombinant growth hormone in children and adolescents with Turner syndrome
Recombinant human deoxyribonuclease for cystic fibrosis
Recombinant human erythropoietin for chronic renal failure anaemia in pre-dialysis patients
Recombinant human insulin-like growth factor I (rhIGF-I) for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/motor neuron disease
Recombinant versus urinary follicle stimulating hormone for ovarian stimulation in assisted reproduction cycles
Recordings or summaries of consultations for people with cancer
Rectal analgesia for pain from perineal trauma following childbirth
Reduced dietary salt for prevention of cardiovascular disease
Reduced or modified dietary fat for preventing cardiovascular disease
Reduced osmolarity oral rehydration solution for treating dehydration caused by acute diarrhoea in children
Reduced salt intake compared to normal dietary salt, or high intake, in pregnancy
Reduction of the number of fetuses for women with triplet and higher order multiple pregnancies
Regimens of less than six months for treating tuberculosis
Regional (spinal, epidural, caudal) versus general anaesthesia in preterm infants undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy in early infancy
Regular self-examination or clinical examination for early detection of breast cancer
Regular treatment with long acting beta agonists versus daily regular treatment with short acting beta agonists in adults and children with stable asthma
Rehabilitation after lumbar disc surgery
Rehabilitation for distal radial fractures in adults
Relaxin for cervical ripening and induction of labour
Remacemide for drug-resistant localization related epilepsy
Reminiscence therapy for dementia
Removal of nail polish and finger rings to prevent surgical infection
Repeat doses of prenatal corticosteroids for women at risk of preterm birth for preventing neonatal respiratory disease
Repeated lumbar or ventricular punctures in newborns with intraventricular hemorrhage
Replacement arthroplasty versus internal fixation for extracapsular hip fractures
Rescue high frequency oscillatory ventilation versus conventional ventilation for pulmonary dysfunction in preterm infants
Rescue high frequency oscillatory ventilation vs conventional ventilation for infants with severe pulmonary dysfunction born at or near term
Restricted versus liberal oxygen exposure for preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm or low birth weight infants
Restricted versus liberal water intake for preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm infants
Ribavirin for respiratory syncytial virus infection of the lower respiratory tract
Ribavirin with or without alpha interferon for chronic hepatitis C
Rice-based oral rehydration solution for treating diarrhoea
Riluzole for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)/motor neuron disease (MND)
Risk of fatal and nonfatal lactic acidosis with metformin use in type 2 diabetes mellitus
Risperidone versus other atypical antipsychotic medication for schizophrenia
Risperidone versus typical antipsychotic medication for schizophrenia
Rivastigmine for Alzheimer's disease
Rizatriptan for acute migraine
Rocuronium versus succinylcholine for rapid sequence induction intubation
Rofecoxib for rheumatoid arthritis
Ropinirole for levodopa-induced complications in Parkinson's disease
Ropinirole versus bromocriptine for levodopa-induced complications in Parkinson's disease
Routine anticonvulsants for treating cerebral malaria
Routine Doppler ultrasound in pregnancy
Routine hospital admission versus out-patient or home care in children at diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus
Routine intracranial pressure monitoring in acute coma
Routine or selective carotid artery shunting for carotid endarterectomy (and different methods of monitoring in selective shunting)
Routine perineal shaving on admission in labour
Routine ultrasound in late pregnancy (after 24 weeks gestation)
Routine versus selective antifungal administration for control of fungal infections in patients with cancer

S-adenosyl-L-methionine for alcoholic liver diseases
Safety education of pedestrians for injury prevention
Scapular fixation in muscular dystrophy
"Scared Straight" and other juvenile awareness programs for preventing juvenile delinquency
School based driver education for the prevention of traffic crashes
School-based programmes for preventing smoking
Screening children in the first four years of life to undergo early treatment for otitis media with effusion
Screening for breast cancer with mammography
Screening for colorectal cancer using the faecal occult blood test, Hemoccult
Screening for lung cancer
Seclusion and restraint for people with serious mental illnesses
Second-line chemotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer
Sedatives for opiate withdrawal in newborn infants
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors for premenstrual syndrome
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) for depression
Selegiline for Alzheimer's disease
Self-help interventions for smoking cessation
Self-management education and regular practitioner review for adults with asthma
Self-management education for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Sensory stimulation for brain injured individuals in coma or vegetative state
Sequential combination of glucocorticosteroids and alfa interferon versus alfa interferon alone for HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B
Serenoa repens for benign prostatic hyperplasia
Sertindole for schizophrenia
Services for helping acute stroke patients avoid hospital admission
Services for reducing duration of hospital care for acute stroke patients
Servo-control for maintaining abdominal skin temperature at 36C in low birth weight infants
Sexual intercourse for cervical ripening and induction of labour
Shock wave therapy for lateral elbow pain
Short acting beta-2 agonists for bronchiectasis
Short-acting beta 2 agonists for stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Short acting beta agonists for recurrent wheeze in children under two years of age
Short course antibiotics for acute otitis media
Short-term low-dose corticosteroids vs placebo and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs in rheumatoid arthritis
Short-term treatment with proton pump inhibitors, H2-receptor antagonists and prokinetics for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease-like symptoms and endoscopy negative reflux disease.
Short versus long duration infusions of paclitaxel for any adenocarcinoma
Short versus standard duration oral antibiotic therapy for acute urinary tract infection in children
Shunting for Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH)
Silver acetate for smoking cessation
Simple behavioural and physical interventions for nocturnal enuresis in children
Single dose dextropropoxyphene, alone and with paracetamol (acetaminophen), for postoperative pain
Single dose dihydrocodeine for acute postoperative pain
Single dose dipyrone for acute postoperative pain
Single dose dipyrone for acute renal colic pain
Single dose oral aspirin for acute pain
Single dose oral celecoxib for postoperative pain
Single dose oral ibuprofen and diclofenac for postoperative pain
Single dose oxycodone and oxycodone plus paracetamol (acetominophen) for acute postoperative pain
Single dose paracetamol (acetaminophen), with and without codeine, for postoperative pain
Single dose piroxicam for acute postoperative pain
Single versus combination intravenous antibiotic therapy for people with cystic fibrosis
Single versus double intrauterine insemination (IUI) in stimulated cycles for subfertile couples
Single versus two layer suturing for closing the uterine incision at Caesarean section
Skin grafting for venous leg ulcers
Skin patch and vaginal ring versus combined oral contraceptives for contraception
Smoking cessation for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Snoezelen for dementia
Soft versus rigid vacuum extractor cups for assisted vaginal delivery
Somatostatin analogues for acute bleeding oesophageal varices
Specialist epilepsy nurses for treating epilepsy
Specialist nurses in diabetes mellitus
Speech and language therapy for aphasia following stroke
Speech and language therapy for dysarthria due to non-progressive brain damage
Speech and language therapy for dysarthria in Parkinson's disease: a comparison of techniques
Speech and language therapy interventions for children with primary speech and language delay or disorder
Speech and language therapy versus placebo or no intervention for dysarthria in Parkinson's disease
Speleotherapy for asthma
Sphincterotomy for biliary sphincter of Oddi dysfunction
Spinal cord stimulation for non-reconstructable chronic critical leg ischaemia
Spinal immobilisation for trauma patients
Spinal manipulation for primary and secondary dysmenorrhoea
Spironolactone versus placebo or in combination with steroids for hirsutism and/or acne
Splenectomy versus conservative management for acute sequestration crises in people with sickle cell disease
Splints and Orthosis for treating rheumatoid arthritis
Sponge versus diaphragm for contraception
St John's wort for depression
Stapled versus handsewn methods for colorectal anastomosis surgery
Statins for the prevention of Alzheimer's disease
Steroid sex hormones for lower limb atherosclerosis
Steroids for acute spinal cord injury
Steroids for improving recovery following tonsillectomy in children
Steroids for treating cerebral malaria
Steroids for treating tuberculous meningitis
Steroids for treating tuberculous pleurisy
Steroids, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and stents for superior vena caval obstruction in carcinoma of the bronchus
Stimulant laxatives for constipation and soiling in children
Strategies for increasing the participation of women in community breast cancer screening
Strategies for integrating primary health services in middle- and low-income countries: effects on performance, costs and patient outcomes
Strategies for partner notification for sexually transmitted diseases
Subjective barriers to prevent wandering of cognitively impaired people
Sublingual immunotherapy for allergic rhinitis
Suburethral sling operations for urinary incontinence in women
Sucrose for analgesia in newborn infants undergoing painful procedures
Sulfasalazine for treating rheumatoid arthritis
Sulpiride for schizophrenia
Superoxide dismutase for preventing chronic lung disease in mechanically ventilated preterm infants
Supplemental oxygen for the treatment of prethreshold retinopathy of prematurity
Support during pregnancy for women at increased risk of low birthweight babies
Support for breastfeeding mothers
Support for carers of people with Alzheimer's type dementia (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Support for women/families after perinatal death
Supported housing for people with severe mental disorders
Surfactant for meconium aspiration syndrome in full term infants
Surgery for faecal incontinence in adults
Surgery for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
Surgery for cervical radiculomyelopathy
Surgery for complete rectal prolapse in adults
Surgery for deep venous incompetence
Surgery for degenerative lumbar spondylosis
Surgery for lateral elbow pain
Surgery for lumbar disc prolapse
Surgery for morbid obesity
Surgery for nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy
Surgery for obstructive sleep apnoea
Surgery for primary supratentorial intracerebral haemorrhage
Surgery for small asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysms
Surgery for the resolution of symptoms in malignant bowel obstruction in advanced gynaecological and gastrointestinal cancer
Surgery for varicose veins: use of tourniquet
Surgery or embolisation for varicocele in subfertile men
Surgery versus medical therapy for heavy menstrual bleeding
Surgery versus non-surgical treatment for bronchiectasis
Surgery versus radiotherapy for muscle invasive bladder cancer
Surgery versus thrombolysis for acute limb ischaemia: initial management
Surgical approaches and ancillary techniques for internal fixation of intracapsular proximal femoral fractures
Surgical approaches for inserting hemiarthroplasty of the hip
Surgical decompression for cerebral oedema in acute ischaemic stroke
Surgical interruption of pelvic nerve pathways for primary and secondary dysmenorrhoea
Surgical interventions for age-related cataract
Surgical interventions for bilateral congenital cataract
Surgical interventions for early squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva
Surgical interventions for treating distal radial fractures in adults
Surgical methods for first trimester termination of pregnancy
Surgical procedures to evacuate incomplete abortion
Surgical sealant for preventing air leaks after pulmonary resections in patients with lung cancer
Surgical treatment for meniscal injuries of the knee in adults
Surgical treatment for tubal disease in women due to undergo in vitro fertilisation
Surgical treatment options for carpal tunnel syndrome
Surgical treatments for ingrowing toenails
Surgical versus conservative treatment for acute injuries of the lateral ligament complex of the ankle in adults
Surgical versus medical treatment with cyclooxygenase inhibitors for symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants
Surgical versus non-surgical interventions for vocal cord nodules
Surgical versus non-surgical management of pleural empyema
Surgical versus non-surgical treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome
Sympathectomy for neuropathic pain
Symphysis-fundal height measurement in pregnancy
Synchronized mechanical ventilation for respiratory support in newborn infants
Synthetic surfactant for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants
Systemic therapy for treating locoregional recurrence in women with breast cancer
Systemic treatments for metastatic cutaneous melanoma
Systems for routine surveillance for people with diabetes mellitus

Tacrine for Alzheimer's disease (This review has been withdrawn by the editorial group. Abstract not available)
Tamoxifen for early breast cancer
Tamoxifen for relapse of ovarian cancer
Tamsulosin for benign prostatic hyperplasia
Target payments in primary care: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes
Tartrazine exclusion for allergic asthma
Taxane containing regimens for metastatic breast cancer
Teaching critical appraisal skills in health care settings
Techniques and materials for skin closure in caesarean section
Techniques for pelvic surgery in subfertility
Techniques for preventing hypotension during spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section
Techniques for surgical retrieval of sperm prior to ICSI for azoospermia
Techniques for the interruption of tubal patency for female sterilisation
Telemedicine versus face to face patient care: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes
Telephone counselling for smoking cessation
Terazosin for benign prostatic hyperplasia
Terbutaline pump maintenance therapy after threatened preterm labor for preventing preterm birth
Terlipressin for acute esophageal variceal hemorrhage
Theophylline, aminophylline, caffeine and analogues for acute ischaemic stroke
Therapeutic hypothermia for head injury
Therapeutic ultrasound for osteoarthritis of the knee
Therapeutic ultrasound for postpartum perineal pain and dyspareunia
Therapeutic ultrasound for pressure sores
Therapeutic ultrasound for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis
Therapeutic ultrasound for treating patellofemoral pain syndrome
Therapeutic ultrasound for venous leg ulcers
Therapies for Depression in Parkinson's Disease
Therapy-based rehabilitation services for stroke patients at home
Thermotherapy for treating rheumatoid arthritis
Thiamine for Alzheimer's disease
Thienopyridine derivatives (ticlopidine, clopidogrel) versus aspirin for preventing stroke and other serious vascular events in high vascular risk patients
Thioridazine for dementia
Thioridazine for schizophrenia
Three- or four- versus two-drug antiretroviral maintenance regimens for HIV infection
Thrombolysis (different doses, routes of administration and agents) for acute ischaemic stroke
Thrombolysis for acute ischaemic stroke
Thyroid hormones for preventing neurodevelopmental impairment in preterm infants
Tiagabine add-on for drug-resistant partial epilepsy
Ticlopidine versus oral anticoagulation for coronary stenting
Timed intercourse versus intra-uterine insemination with or without ovarian hyperstimulation for subfertility in men
Timing and volume of fluid administration for patients with bleeding
Timing of surgery for aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage
Tirilazad for acute ischaemic stroke
Tissue adhesives for traumatic lacerations in children and adults
Tocolysis for preventing fetal distress in second stage of labour
Tocolytics for suspected intrapartum fetal distress
Token economy for schizophrenia
Tonsillectomy versus non-surgical treatment for chronic/recurrent acute tonsillitis
Topical agents or dressings for pain in venous leg ulcers
Topical negative pressure for treating chronic wounds
Topical treatment for vaginal candidiasis (thrush) in pregnancy
Topical treatments for fungal infections of the skin and nails of the foot.
Topical umbilical cord care at birth
Topiramate add-on for drug-resistant partial epilepsy
Totally implantable vascular access devices for cystic fibrosis
Tracheal gas insufflation for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in mechanically ventilated newborn infants
Tracheal suctioning without disconnection in intubated ventilated neonates
Training health professionals in smoking cessation
Transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder
Transcranial magnetic stimulation for treating depression
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and acupuncture for primary dysmenorrhoea
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for knee osteoarthritis
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for chronic low back pain
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for chronic pain
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) for dementia
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis in the hand
Transcutaneous electrostimulation for suspected placental insufficiency (diagnosed by Doppler studies)
Transfusion thresholds and other strategies for guiding allogeneic red blood cell transfusion
Transient neurologic symptoms (TNS) following spinal anaesthesia with lidocaine versus other local anaesthetics
Transpyloric versus gastric tube feeding for preterm infants
Treadmill training and body weight support for walking after stroke
Treatment discontinuation with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) versus tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs)
Treatment for amphetamine dependence and abuse
Treatment for amphetamine psychosis
Treatment for amphetamine withdrawal
Treatment for Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome
Treatment for primary postpartum haemorrhage
Treatment of infantile spasms
Treatment of Kaposis sarcoma in HIV-1 infected individuals with emphasis on resource poor settings
Treatment of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome
Treatments for breast engorgement during lactation
Treatments for gestational diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance in pregnancy
Treatments for iron deficiency anaemia in pregnancy
Treatments for secondary postpartum haemorrhage
Treatments for symptomatic urinary tract infections during pregnancy
Treatments for toxoplasmosis in pregnancy
Tricyclic and related drugs for nocturnal enuresis in children
Tricyclic drugs for depression in children and adolescents
Troleandomycin as an oral corticosteroid sparing agent in stable asthma
Trypanocidal drugs for chronic asymptomatic Trypanosoma cruzi infection
Tryptophan and 5-Hydroxytryptophan for depression
Tubal flushing for subfertility
Types of intra-muscular opioids for maternal pain relief in labour
Tyrosine supplementation for phenylketonuria

Ultrasound for fetal assessment in early pregnancy
Ultrasound therapy for acute ankle sprains
Umbilical artery catheters in the newborn: effects of catheter design (end vs side hole)
Umbilical artery catheters in the newborn: effects of catheter materials
Umbilical artery catheters in the newborn: effects of heparin
Umbilical artery catheters in the newborn: effects of position of the catheter tip
Umbilical vein injection for management of retained placenta
Urinary diversion and bladder reconstruction/replacement using intestinal segments for intractable incontinence or following cystectomy
Urodynamic investigations for management of urinary incontinence in adults
Ursodeoxycholic acid and/or antibiotics for prevention of biliary stent occlusion
Ursodeoxycholic acid for cystic fibrosis-related liver disease
Ursodeoxycholic acid for primary biliary cirrhosis
Uterine exteriorization versus intraperitoneal repair at caesarean section

Vaccines for preventing anthrax
Vaccines for preventing cholera
Vaccines for preventing hepatitis B in health-care workers
Vaccines for preventing infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa in people with cystic fibrosis
Vaccines for preventing influenza in healthy adults
Vaccines for preventing influenza in people with asthma
Vaccines for preventing influenza in people with cystic fibrosis
Vaccines for preventing malaria
Vaccines for preventing plague
Vaccines for preventing tick-borne encephalitis
Vaccines for preventing typhoid fever
Vacuum extraction versus forceps for assisted vaginal delivery
Vaginal disinfection during labour for reducing the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection
Vaginal misoprostol for cervical ripening and induction of labour
Vaginal prostaglandin (PGE2 and PGF2a) for induction of labour at term
Vagus nerve stimulation for partial seizures
Validation therapy for dementia
Valproate for acute mood episodes in bipolar disorder
Valproic acid, valproate and divalproex in the maintenance treatment of bipolar disorder
Vancomycin for prophylaxis against sepsis in preterm neonates
Vasoactive drugs for acute stroke
Venepuncture versus heel lance for blood sampling in term neonates
Ventilation with lower tidal volumes versus traditional tidal volumes in adults for acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome
Very tight versus tight control for diabetes in pregnancy
Vinpocetine for acute ischaemic stroke
Vinpocetine for cognitive impairment and dementia
Vitamin A for treating measles in children
Vitamin A supplementation during pregnancy
Vitamin A supplementation for preventing morbidity and mortality in very low birthweight infants
Vitamin A supplementation for reducing the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection
Vitamin B12 for cognition
Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold
Vitamin C supplementation for asthma
Vitamin D and vitamin D analogues for preventing fractures associated with involutional and post-menopausal osteoporosis
Vitamin D supplementation in pregnancy
Vitamin E for Alzheimer's disease
Vitamin E for intermittent claudication
Vitamin E for neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia
Vitamin E supplementation for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants
Vitamin K antagonists or low-molecular-weight heparin for the long term treatment of symptomatic venous thromboembolism
Vitamin K prior to preterm birth for preventing neonatal periventricular haemorrhage
Vocational rehabilitation for people with severe mental illness

Ward reduction without general anaesthesia versus reduction and repair under general anaesthesia for gastroschisis in newborn infants
Water for wound cleansing
Weighted vaginal cones for urinary incontinence
Work conditioning, work hardening and functional restoration for workers with back and neck pain
Workplace interventions for smoking cessation
Written individualised management plans for asthma in children and adults

Yoga for epilepsy

Zidovudine (AZT) versus AZT plus didanosine (ddI) versus AZT plus zalcitabine (ddC) in HIV infected adults
Zinc for the common cold
Zinc supplementation in pregnancy
Ziprasidone for schizophrenia and severe mental illness
Zonisamide add-on for drug-resistant partial epilepsy
Zotepine for schizophrenia
Zuclopenthixol acetate in the treatment of acute schizophrenia and similar serious mental illnesses
Zuclopenthixol decanoate for schizophrenia and other serious mental illnesses


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